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What’s Covered in a Home Inspection

Home inspection report

Knowing what to expect when it comes time for a home inspection eliminates a great deal of stress during the home selling transaction process. Being well informed about what the inspection covers gives you a better understanding of what to expect and narrow down areas for you to assess whether or not something needs repairing before you put your home on the market.

You want the selling process to be as smooth and seamless as possible for both parties so being vigilant and conducting the necessary repairs (if required) would be in your best interests.

Here are the various areas of scrutiny…


The home’s structural components include items such as the foundation and the framing.


Sidewalks, driveways (look for major cracks or loose paving stones), steps, windows, doors, siding, trim, and surface drainage. Any attached porches, decks, and balconies will be examined as well, especially with older properties.


Assess the integrity of roof materials, roof draining systems, buckled shingles, and loose gutters and downspouts. The condition of any skylights and chimneys as well as the potential for pooling water are also taken into consideration.


Usually a thorough examination of the water supply and drainage systems, water heating equipment, and some fuel storage systems are conducted. Drainage pumps and sump pumps also fall under this category. Poor water pressure, banging pipes, rust spots, or corrosion can indicate potentially more serious problems.


You should be well informed and familiarized with the condition of service entrance wires, service panels, breakers and fuses, and disconnects. Also take note of the number of outlets in each room. If you have any problematic fuses, now may be a good time to replace them.

Heating and air conditioning

The home’s vents, flues, and chimneys should be inspected.  An inspection of the central air and through-wall cooling equipment will be conducted. As a general rule, yearly maintenance on your central air and furnace equipment is recommended to maintain optimal energy ratings and prolong longevity.


Close examination of walls, ceilings and floors; steps, stairways, and railings; counter tops and cabinets; and garage doors systems. These areas can reveal leaks, insect damage, rot, construction defects, and more.


Checks for adequate insulation and ventilation in the attic and in unfinished areas such as crawl spaces. Insulation should be appropriate for the climate. Without proper ventilation, excess moisture can lead to mold and water damage.  Check your attics periodically for leaks or excessive moisture build up.


They’re charming, but fireplaces can be dangerous if they’re not properly installed. Inspectors should examine the vent and flue.